Finch and Sparrow are fairly obvious, since the name says which is which but the allies part is more difficult to relate to and is represented by Grosbeaks and other birds with heavier bills.

Pine Siskin near Morrison Creek

Pine Siskin

Evening Grosbeak

Evening Grosbeak

Song Sparrow

Song Sparrow

Oregon Junco

Oregon Junco

Spotted Towhee

Spotted Towhee

Fox Sparrow in Red Osier Dogwood beside Morrison Creek

Fox Sparrow

Golden-crowned Sparrow near Morrison Creek

Golden-crowned Sparrow